China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel 28ass-2 Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No.

Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch

Pt
mm

Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
28ASS-2 44.450 25.40 25.22 12.70 103.30 107.90 41.00 5.60 48.87 204.0/45859 15.14

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush
*Straight side plates
Stainless steel chains are suitable for corrosive conditions involving food,chemicals pharmaceuticals,etc.and also suitable for high and low temperature conditions.

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Roller chain
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient[1] means of power transmission.

Though CZPT Renold is credited with inventing the roller chain in 1880, sketches by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century show a chain with a roller bearing.

Construction of the chain
Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

Lubrication
Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

Variants in design

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

Use

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.
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Wear

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

Chain strength

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

Chain standards

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25.

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.
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Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CZPT Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.
 
Q: If products have some quality problem, how would you deal with?
A: We will responsible for all the quality problems.
 

 

 

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Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
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bush chain

How does a bush chain handle misalignment in a system?

A bush chain is designed to accommodate a certain degree of misalignment within a system. Here’s how a bush chain handles misalignment:

1. Flexibility: The construction of a bush chain allows it to flex and adjust to minor misalignments. The bushings, which are inserted into the chain’s links, provide a degree of flexibility and allow the chain to move smoothly even when the sprockets are slightly misaligned.

2. Self-Alignment: The self-lubricating properties of some bush chains contribute to their ability to handle misalignment. The lubrication helps reduce friction and allows the chain to self-align by adjusting its position to minimize stress and binding caused by misaligned sprockets.

3. Tolerance for Misalignment: Bush chains are designed with specific clearance between the bushings and pins. This clearance provides some tolerance for misalignment. It allows the chain to accommodate slight angular or parallel misalignment between the sprockets without causing excessive wear or damage.

4. Compensation for Load Variances: In systems where load distribution is not uniform, such as conveyor systems, bush chains can help compensate for load variances. The flexibility of the chain allows it to adapt to changes in load distribution and adjust accordingly, reducing stress on the chain and sprockets.

It is important to note that while bush chains can handle minor misalignment, excessive misalignment should be avoided. Excessive misalignment can cause accelerated wear, increased noise, and reduced chain life. Proper alignment and regular maintenance are essential to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the bush chain system.

bush chain

How do you troubleshoot common issues with bush chains?

Troubleshooting common issues with bush chains involves identifying the problem and taking appropriate corrective actions. Here are some common issues and their troubleshooting steps:

1. Chain Misalignment: If the bush chain is misaligned, it can cause excessive wear, noise, and premature failure. To troubleshoot this issue, check the alignment of the sprockets and adjust them as necessary. Ensure that the chain runs smoothly and evenly on the sprockets without any binding or skipping.

2. Chain Binding: If the chain becomes stuck or binds during operation, it may be due to improper lubrication, debris accumulation, or worn-out components. Start by cleaning the chain and sprockets to remove any debris or contaminants. Lubricate the chain with the recommended lubricant to reduce friction. If the issue persists, inspect the chain for signs of wear and replace any worn-out components.

3. Excessive Chain Wear: Excessive chain wear can lead to elongation, reduced performance, and increased risk of failure. To troubleshoot this issue, measure the chain’s length and compare it to the manufacturer’s specifications. If the chain has elongated beyond the acceptable limits, it needs to be replaced. Additionally, inspect the chain for signs of pin and bushing wear, plate wear, or sprocket wear. Replace any worn components as necessary.

4. Insufficient Lubrication: Inadequate lubrication can result in increased friction, wear, and premature failure of the bush chain. If the chain appears dry or there are signs of insufficient lubrication, apply the appropriate lubricant to the chain according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Ensure that the lubricant reaches all the critical components of the chain, including the pins, bushings, and rollers.

5. Chain Breakage: Chain breakage can occur due to excessive loads, sudden impacts, or worn-out components. To troubleshoot this issue, inspect the chain for any signs of damaged or broken links. Identify the cause of the breakage, such as overload or impact, and address it accordingly. Replace the broken chain links with a new chain segment and ensure proper installation.

6. Excessive Noise and Vibration: Unusual noise and vibration during chain operation can indicate underlying issues. Inspect the chain for signs of misalignment, worn-out components, or inadequate tension. Address the specific cause by adjusting the alignment, replacing worn parts, or adjusting the tension to reduce noise and vibration.

It’s important to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for troubleshooting specific issues with bush chains. Regular inspection, proper lubrication, and timely maintenance can help prevent common issues and ensure the reliable and efficient operation of the bush chain.

bush chain

How do you select the right bush chain for your application?

Choosing the right bush chain for your application is essential to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are some factors to consider when selecting a bush chain:

1. Load Capacity: Evaluate the maximum load that the chain will need to transmit. Consider factors such as weight, acceleration, and shock loads. Choose a bush chain with a load capacity that exceeds the anticipated load to ensure reliable operation.

2. Speed: Determine the operating speed of the chain. Higher speeds may require chains with specialized designs to minimize wear, reduce friction, and maintain accurate timing.

3. Environmental Conditions: Assess the environmental conditions in which the chain will operate. Consider factors such as temperature, humidity, dust, chemicals, and exposure to corrosive substances. Select a bush chain that is designed to withstand the specific conditions of your application.

4. Size and Configuration: Determine the required chain size based on the available space and the dimensions of the sprockets or pulleys. Consider the pitch, width, and overall dimensions of the chain. Additionally, assess whether a standard or custom configuration is needed to meet the application requirements.

5. Lubrication Requirements: Determine the lubrication method and frequency required for the chain. Some bush chains are self-lubricating, while others may require regular lubrication. Consider the availability of lubrication systems and the maintenance requirements of the chain.

6. Reliability and Durability: Assess the expected operational lifespan and the reliability requirements of your application. Look for bush chains from reputable manufacturers known for producing high-quality, durable products. Consider factors such as wear resistance, fatigue strength, and overall reliability.

7. Cost: Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the bush chain, considering both the initial investment and long-term maintenance costs. Balance the performance requirements with the available budget.

Consult with a knowledgeable supplier or engineer to ensure you select the right bush chain that meets your specific application requirements. They can provide guidance based on their expertise and help you choose a chain that offers optimal performance and durability.

China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel 28ass-2 Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China manufacturer Duplex Stainless Steel 28ass-2 Industrial Transmission Gear Reducer Conveyor Parts Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-08-02

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